Ylang or in Latin: Cananga odorata is the name for a type of flower and tree. There are several types of ylang, including the common ylang (macrophylla), and the Filipino ylang-ylang (genuine). In addition, cananga shrubs (Cananga odorata fruticosa) are also known, which are usually grown as decorations in the yard. Aside from being a home decoration flower, it turns out that there are many benefits and uses of ylang flowers that are rarely known. Additionally, before we continue, you can visit pottedplantflowershoppe.com to know more info about flowers.
Women in Malaysia and the island of Bali use fresh ylang flowers to scent their hair, clothes, and bedding. Meanwhile, women in Thailand use fresh ylang flower squeezes as body fragrances after bathing.
Essential oil can be extracted from this flower via distillation method. This essential oil has a high economic value and has long been an export commodity; Indonesia has been exporting it to the European continent since 1864 (Grevelink, 1883). In importing countries, ylang oil is used as an ingredient in perfumes and bath soaps.
The natural potential of our country is huge. Of the approximately 70 types of essential oil-producing plants around the world, about 40 species are in Southeast Asia. Now 3 types of them can monopolize the world market.
One of them is ylang oil, unfortunately, the monopoly is still not able to meet the world’s demand. The need for ylang flowers in the international world is around 75-100 tons of ylang oil every year, but unfortunately, until now, domestic production is still around 50 tons.
Ylang tree wood has a use-value. Rumphius (a Dutchman during the V.O.C. period who liked to observe and research Southeast Asian plants) in a magazine from 1896 stated that ylang wood was mostly used for matchsticks in the matchstick industry.
In Sumatra, ylang is widely used for canoes; in Central Java, Southeast Asia, it is used for making traditional umbrellas.
While in Malaysia, ylang is often used for making barrels because ylang is resonant.