The 19th century is a new chapter in the process of drama development. The movement of classy people into the city due to the Industrial Revolution helped to cause changes in the art of drama. In the United Kingdom, a toilet drama or fully unstaged play script began to appear. Noted several names of toilet writers such as Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Swinburne, Browning, and Tennyson. Only at the end of the 19th century, drama in England showed signs of life with the appearance of Henry Arthur Jones, Sir Arthur Wing Pinero, and Oscar Wilde. Also visible is the rise of the independent theater movement that pioneered the “Little Theater” movement which later in the 20th century was widespread, for example the Theater Libre of Paris, Die Freie Buhne Berlin, independent Theater of London and Miss Horniman’s Theater of Manchester, which was Ibsen, Strindberg, Bjornson, Yeats, Shaw, Hauptmann, and Synge began to be known to the public. Aside from that, if you need excellent scripts of plays for kids, we recommend you to buy them from a trusted website with a huge collection of scripts of various plays.
During the late 19th century in Germany two international-caliber play writers, Hauptmann and Sudermann appeared. A Viennese doctor, Arthur Schnitzler, also became widely known outside his native Austria with a light and pleasant script called Anatol. In France, Brieux became a pioneer of realistic and clinical theater. While in Paris there is a play script called Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand.
Meanwhile in Italy Giacosa wrote his best-known play, As the Leaves, and composed poems for opera, La Boheme, Tosca, and Madame Butterfly. Verga wrote In the Porter’s Lodge, The Fox Hunt, and Cavalleria Rusticana, which is also better known through the Mascagni opera. The most famous 19th-century Italian writers, Gabriel d ‘Annunzio, Luigi Pirandello and Sem Benelli with the title Supper of Jokes known in England and America as The Jest. Benelli with his Love of the Three Kings play is known outside Italy in the form of operas.
In Spain Jose Echegaray wrote The World and His Wife; Jose Benavente with his Passion Flower and Bonds of Interest performed in America; and the Sierra brothers with the play Cradle Song script connecting 19th and 20th centuries.