Sophia appeared at a UN meeting some time ago and brought fresh air in the robotic universe. Sophia can be called a human-robot (humanoid) is nearly perfect because it can show human expression.
Many think that the concept of a human-robot emerged after the “exploding” film by James Cameroon, Terminator, in 1984.
However, in fact, the idea of creating humanoid has existed long before Christ. At that time, of course, humans still have not imagined how to make a robot that can move like humans. To answer that, we collect data from various sources, regarding the development of humanoid robots in the past:
Automata, the first humanoid of Christ is called the first place to spark the idea of humanoid. This is reinforced by the discovery of the ancient Chinese Taoist manuscript, Liezi, which is estimated to have existed since 250 BC. In the text, Lie Yukou, the alleged Chinese philosopher, describes automata. Automata itself is a machine that can move on its own accord in accordance with the human movement. In Liezi, it is told that automata were a mechanical man created by Yan Shi, a mechanical engineer who lived in the Zhou dynasty to show it to his king.
Musical Robot in Mesopotamia Al Jazari was a court mechanic expert who lived in Mesopotamia in 1206. He was a genius mechanic of his time who was able to design and create various forms of the robot.
In his work, he describes fifty mechanical equipment following instructions on how to assemble it. On the basis of this, he was nicknamed “Mr. Robot” by the modern scientific society. Al-Jazari recorded as the creator of the first robot machine and humanoid that can be programmed. Initially, he made a robot engine in the form of a floating boat in a lake. The boat is then boarded by 4 robot music players consisting of two drummers, harpist, and flute.